Dr. Chen-Jung Lin
O, grand Tamkang, roll out to seas,
You pave the way for exchange of thought.
In quest of learning, you never cease.
And worthy men are thus up brought
with humble heart for truth you seek.
Be true and brave.
Great deeds for speak.
O, young scholars, flowers of the time.
Bright stars soul; by steps up climb.
Waste not your youthful day.
With the rapid spread of higher education, the scarcity of government resources, and the intense competition among Taiwan's more than one hundred universities, Tamkang University must now emphasize its distinguishing strengths to further burnish the Tamkang brand. Over the years, TKU has experienced Four Waves of Development- -"the Foundational Period, balancing quality and quantity," "the Positioning Period, emphasizing quality," "the Uplifting Period, featuring strategic academic internationalization," and "the Transformational Period, involving diversification, in line with the times". These waves have led TKU into a comprehensive university with four distinct campuses: the Tamsui Campus, the Taipei Campus, the Lanyang Campus, and the Cyber Campus. On the 67th anniversary of the school, we now with the help of our many alumni celebrate the advent of the Fifth Wave, displaying a spirit of perseverance and transcendence, as symbolized by our new Hsu Shou-Chlien International Conference Center.
During the past sixty-seven years, TKU has practiced four models of governance: the Collegial model, the Bureaucratic model, the Political model, and the Market model. They jointly help promote the Total Quality Management. Previously, in my featured article, "Tamkang, the Fourth Wave", I pointed out the need to promote the Three Circles of curricula—professional, general education, and extracurricular curricula—to put into practice Five Disciplines of Education of "conduct, intelligence, physical education, teamwork, and beauty". In this decade, quite a number of students went effectively under the nurturing influence of "Triple Objectives of Education": Globalization, Information-oriented Education, and Future-oriented Education. They have equipped themselves with the core values of the "Three Circles and Five Disciplines of Education" to truly possess "Excellence with a Soul." They now become the mainstays of the nation and society.
W. Chan Kim and Ren Mauborgne stated that "… understanding the context and right strategic moves is the key to success." The long-term performance of Tamkang has already received affirmation from all walks of life. And, our building of a conference center that reflects our worldview, will not only raise the profile of our research, but render better administrative services. This and other high quality innovations, in line with the times, duly bring into full play the " Matthew Effect". They set us on a new Sigmoidcurve arching towards the next wave's peak.
In the Age of the Fox, typified by intense change and transformation, we need to maintain our hold on the operating characteristics of TKU. We will base our strategy on the emerging trends in higher education. We should continue to take "simplicity, truthfulness, firmness, and perseverance" as the essence and accordingly deepen "Tamkang Culture." We encourage every Tamkangian to "establish a firm foothold at Tamkang University, hold the world in view, grasp the latest information, and create a brighter future." We encourage all the faculty members and students at Tamkang to meet all sorts of challenges, and to spare no efforts in carrying on our glorious mission hand-in-hand. By so doing, we shall continue to enrich the Five-tiger Hill Saga.
Tamkang University (TKU) has used a succession of waves as the transitional hub for all of its administrative development. In 2017 TKU opened a new epoch "The Fifth Wave" with "To Embrace a Smart Future". Looking back, "the First Wave" unfolded the threefold foundational policy of Global Perspective, Informational Literacy, and Vision for the Future; "the Second Wave" advanced Total Quality Management (TQM); "the Third Wave" promoted international academic resources; "the Fourth Wave" ushered in the management thinking of the Market model which were integrated with the original Collegial model, Bureaucratic model, and Political model to become the Four management models, shaping four campuses.
The Fourth Wave took the Palace-style Buildings as an image to construct the House of Quality of TKU to link up with the mission of "To maintain Tamkang's venerable heritage, create a positive influence on society, and nurture talented, ambitions professionals." Utilize the six strategies: "Wave-by-Wave Development and Four Distinct Campuses," "The Three Circles and Five Disciplines of Education and nurture excellence," "TKU's Triple Objectives and create an academic kingdom," "Setting up the Sigmoid Curve and activate the Second Curve," "Promoting the Matthew Effect and strive for social resources," "Blue Ocean Strategy and create competitive advantage," to establish the direction of development. Develop the participation of everyone and sustain the spirit of improvement, adjust the organizational culture so as to continue the outstanding school performance to win the 19th National Quality Award.
From the Fourth Wave to the Fifth Wave, TKU has used the five general trends of a macroscopic view policy, winning leadership team, high quality faculty and student body, sufficient resources and facilities, and clear-cut performance indicators to be the school goals responding to the changing 21st century economy, technology and industry. Using the "Map of the Learning Value Chain," TKU has set up the student as the core while allowing the faculty and administration to support mutually and grow collectively. TKU has planned a systematic, diverse faculty improvement and encourages the overall development of teaching and academic career. TKU has implemented an overall examination standard of the cirriculum, instruction and assessment mechanism in order to improve the quality of learning and teaching. With the aim of producing an industry-university environment that "knowledge and skills progressing collaboratively" TKU has strengthened the ability of the faculty to do research and development and the ability of students to obtain employment and thus to create another academic kingdom with a new Sigmoid Curve.
The World Economic Forum announced in the 2018 Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI) that Singapore leaped into the second position in the world. The key characteristic lies in possessing a perfect educational system which is able to meet the needs of the job market through collaborative efforts. TKU was founded 68 years ago and has nurtured students with the Three Circles Curricula, Five Disciplines of Education, and the Eight Essential Qualities. By promoting the forward thinking of Triple-Objective Education, TKU is capable of keeping pace with the times while possessing complete Tamkang DNA and earning the first place for 22 consecutive years in Cheers Business Magazine survey of the most favored private university students by enterprises. TKU in the future shall continue producing the most favored students by businesses and most outstanding students to promote the excellence of Tamkang Culture. Together with the support of TKU alumni worldwide, we shall establish a superbly outstanding, comprehensive world class university.
Tamkang University (TKU) was founded in 1950 and supported the Triple Objectives of Education promoted by Founder, Dr. Clement C. P. Chang; and passing through the Four Waves of development: "Foundational period," "Positioning period," "Uplifting period" and "Transformational period," the four-in-one integrated campuses of Tamsui, Taipei, Lanyang and Cyber were constructed thus forming the stable foundation of Tamkang. In November of 2017 the Hsu Shou-Chlien International Conference Center was officially opened through the donations of the TKU alumni; this continues the excellent heritage of Tamkang culture. With the quick infusion of new power, the new course of development of the Fifth Wave was launched. Moreover, the Fifth Wave of Tamkang takes "To Create A Great Tamsui; To Embrace A Smart Future" as its medium range vision.
As for the aspect of planning the teachers' teaching and the curriculum, TKU has without exception upheld the concept of "the learner is the center." From the first mile of incoming new students to the last mile of the graduating seniors, and again to the first mile of facing job employment or starting a business, all require different stages of learning demands, and TKU has created a comprehensive learning plan and built a "student learning value chain" for students in their four undergraduate years. As for the aspect of students' learning, TKU mainly adopts the "Three Circles Curricula": professional curriculum, general curriculum, and extracurricular curriculum, and also honors program, cross-field courses, employment programs and capstone courses as auxiliaries. TKU has not only achieved the effectiveness of intensive professionalism, learning application and advancement, and unified learning, but also has been able to deepen the five Educational Disciplines of "conduct, intelligence, physical education, teamwork, and beauty" to foster in students the possession of the eight essential qualities of a Global Perspective, Informational Literacy, a Vision for the Future, Moral Integrity, Independent Thinking, a Cheerful Attitude and Healthy Lifestyle, a Spirit of Teamwork and Dedication, and a Sense of Aesthetic Appreciation-to become Tamkang people expressing excellence with a soul.
In 2018 the British higher educational research company, Quacquarelli Symonds, placed TKU the fourth time in Asia's best university rankings; from among the seven indicators, the proportion of international students, the proportion of foreign exchange students, the proportion of Taiwan students going abroad as exchange students have grown significantly. This is an obvious concrete expression of the long term promotion of the ideal of Globalization. The present number of established sister-school relations this year already amounts to 207 schools in 36 countries extending over five continents of the world; there are transnational double degree programs with 21 schools from six nations, and there are 2,054 overseas degree students from 75 nations. In 2015 TKU earned the Outstanding Internationalization Award from the Ministry of Education and thus becoming a model school for internationalization.
After TKU steps into the fifth wave, the Triple Objectives of Globalization, Information-oriented Education, and Future-oriented Education will adopt a balanced development. In 2018 the "Tamkang Clement and Carrie Chair" was established with the hope of being able to promote more internationally renowned scholars to give lectures, to engage in intensive lectures series and to do cooperative research thus promoting Tamkang's position on the stage of the global village. As for the Information-oriented Education, TKU will take "intellect" as its core spirit, implement a digital transformation, create a smart campus 2.0, utilize the new concepts of smart technology and service design including big data, artificial intelligence, mobile computing, cloud computing, and internet of things. Upon earning the National Quality Award for the Total Quality Management System, TKU leads in the area of advanced smart technology in teaching, administration, and service, advancing organizational activation, effective utilization of human resources, upgrading service quality and creating value added letting the entire faculty, staff, student body and alumni amply feel convenience, safety, excellence and well-being. The Future-oriented Education is located in having the characteristic of social responsibility in the diversity of "Collaborative Foresight"; this continues refining future studies courses, upgrading teaching pedagogy in order to strengthen the clear understanding of students in their Future-oriented Education and competency development.
In the "Top 2,000 Enterprises' Favorite College Graduates" survey conducted by Cheers Business Magazine, in 2019, TKU has ranked first among all private universities continuously for 22 consecutive years and eighth place among all institutes of higher learning in Taiwan. In the proportion of the survey's nine main categories, among the private universities TKU was the first place in eight out of nine categories. In the rankings of Taiwan's best university for 2018 by Global Views Monthly among the five main items: social influence, academic accomplishment, teaching performance, degree of internationalization, and promotion and income from industry and academia, in the 34 indicators of the investigation, TKU earned eighth place nationwide for social influence, fourth place for the degree of internationalization, and business category. TKU is happy to have this outstanding performance, yet this urges us to double our efforts in the future to add value to academic professionalism, strengthen teaching, boost industry and academia cooperation, and establish a teaching ecosystem of innovative entrepreneurship. With the foundation of Tamkang Culture and the accomplishments of the Founder and other successive presidents, the good achievements should again be carried on by building upon the initial successes and by taking the spirit of the old to create the new so as to erect a superb, first-rate, world-class comprehensive university.
Since its inception in 1950, Tamkang University has undergone four separate “waves” of development. The first “wave” began in 1950 and continued until 1980. During this phase, Tamkang University placed equal emphasis on quality and quantity in education. The second phase, from 1980 to 1996, focused on quality over quantity. Subsequently, from 1996 to 2005, Tamkang’s “third wave” of development involved the internationalization of university operations and academic pursuits. Since 2005, TKU has been working on its fourth phase of development. This phase is characterized by transformation.
During the fourth wave, the Lanyang Campus was completed. It is one of Taiwan’s more pioneering campuses, with over 90% of its courses offered in English. TKU now has four campuses: the Tamsui Campus, the Taipei Campus, the Lanyang Campus, and the Cyber Campus. These campuses, although each displaying unique characteristics, work in unity to bring about each new wave of university development.
The “Three Circles and Five Disciplines of Education” refers to the structure of education adopted by Tamkang University for the purpose of producing successful, well-rounded graduates.
The “Three Circles” corresponds to three kinds of courses: professional, core and extracurricular. Professional courses are the regular courses offered by TKU colleges and departments. Core courses, on the other hand, are those provided by the Center for General Education and Core Curriculum. Together, these courses have produced outstanding results. The third link in the “Three Circles” are extracurricular courses, which are designed by the Office of Student Affairs and help to foster a spirit of teamwork among students.
The “Five Disciplines” of education refers to the qualities of conduct, intelligence, physical education, teamwork, and beauty. By integrating these values into the professional, core, and extracurricular curriculum, Tamkang University helps to produce well-rounded students skilled in identifying and solving problems. As a result, TKU students develop characteristics favored by both local and overseas employers.
Tamkang University’s “Triple Objectives of Education” forms the cornerstone of its policy for sustainable development. The Triple Objectives consist of globalization, information-oriented and future-oriented education.
The results of TKU’s ongoing policy of globalization have become especially noticeable in recent years. TKU now has 145 partner universities in 30 countries; each year, approximately 430 TKU students head overseas for a year of student exchange; while at any given time, over 1000 foreign, Chinese, and overseas Chinese students are enrolled to study at Tamkang.
Tamkang has long been a pioneer in information processing. Since the establishment of the Office of Information Services in 1968, Tamkang has applied computer technologies to administration, teaching, research, and services. Its vision is to create the most attractive information-oriented campus available.
Following the tremendous impact that technology had on Taiwanese society in the 1960s, the Founder of Tamkang University, Dr. Clement C.P. Chang, started to aggressively introduce Futures Studies in Taiwan. He founded “The Future of Tomorrow,” a pioneer magazine about Futures Studies, and encouraged the holding of seminars and courses on Futures Studies. By taking undergraduate or postgraduate Futures Studies’ courses, students today learn how to better perceive the future, adjust to its changing nature, and work together to create an even better future.
The development of any organization is composed of several S curves. The initial phase is slow to materialize. It then evolves rapidly into the maturity phase at the climax of its development. Inevitably, it will enter into a phase of decline. Therefore, before the organizations on campus reach maturity, a new S curve should be implemented to avoid the eventual phase of decline. TKU’s wave developments consist of many series of S curves.
Private universities are always confronted with the disadvantage of limited resources. The Matthew Effect purports that the strong become stronger due to their command of superior resources and by focusing on their strengths. Therefore, TKU should focus on its strengths and become more competitive by emphasizing its unique characteristics. A university’s reputation is enhanced as it receives increased grants from the government and public recognition for its achievements.
To make progress, a school cannot adopt a "let it be" policy. Instead, it needs to be watchful of the changing environment and acknowledge its advantages and weaknesses. It needs to set up different levels of targets and make every effort to accomplish them. Higher education has entered a time of keen competition. In rapid development, it needs to cooperate with universities both at home and abroad to share resources and compete positively to achieve a "win-win" so-called "Blue Sea Strategy."
The management team of TKU is headed by the President, who leads three Vice Presidents responsible for academic, administrative, and international affairs respectively. The Provost of the Lanyang Campus and each dean and chairperson play a critical role in the management team, which works to implement the four management models of TKU – collegial, bureaucratic, political and market-based.
The four management models of TKU – collegial, bureaucratic, political and market-based – are applied to the teaching, administrative and leadership levels. Differentiated, individualized, holistic, and globalized thinking models are also adopted to attend to the problems of cost, efficiency, production and effectiveness. TKU implements these four management models of governance so as to adapt to the changing environment in a timely manner, and achieve the goal of sustainable management.
The concept of Total Quality Management (TQM) was introduced to TKU in 1992. The president at the time, who also served as the Chair of the TQM Committee, pushed for the comprehensive implementation of TQM on the TKU Tamsui Campus. Ever since, a TQM Seminar and a Teaching and Administrative Work Reform Seminar have been held each year to help faculty and staff improve their quality of instruction, administrative work and service. In 2006, the Tamkang Quality Award was introduced and is now awarded annually to offices and departments that display outstanding performance in TQM.
When confronted with challenges, TKU is able to adjust its organization structures and reorganize rapidly to take full advantage. Responding in 2002 to the drive for multiple channels of admission recommended by the Ministry of Education, as well as a more competitive educational environment, TKU established an Office of Admissions. In 2004, the Office of Student Housing was set up to manage students housing both on and off campus. In 2006, the Center for Learning and Teaching was inaugurated to improve teaching quality and help students learn more effectively. Finally, in 2007, the position of Vice President for International Affairs was established to promote the integration of international exchange and education. As a result, TKU is always prepared to face any challenges that arise and respond accordingly.
The College of Engineer was established in 1966, and there are 8 undergraduate departments and 10 graduate programs. Both undergraduate and graduate disciplines have passed the Certification for Engineering and Technology Education as high quality teaching and research centers.
The College of International Studies is a pioneering academic institute in Taiwan which focuses on international affairs and regional research. Its goal is to cultivate academic professionals and practitioners.
The goals of the College of Global Development are to develop a new direction of higher education and train talents to have a global-view aptitude. In order to achieve the goals, all of the courses are delivered in English, and students here will have to study abroad as exchange students in the third year.
The TKU Triple Objectives of Education are a set of educational goals adopted by the founder of TKU, Dr. Clement C.P. Chang. They consist of Globalization, Information-oriented Education, and Future- oriented Education. Dr. Chang explains that “since the founding of the university, TKU has set the Triple Objectives of Education as its primary aim for development. Its ultimate goal is to generate quality research, improve instruction, and enhance social welfare.”
At present TKU maintains academic cooperation agreements with 217 well-known international and Chinese mainland institutions of higher learning. Our cooperation extends to faculty and student exchanges, joint research projects, double-degree programs, and mutually beneficial educational ventures. TKU sponsors the Tamkang University Chair Lecture Series, with invitations to outstanding overseas teachers to teach intensive courses. The university also subsidizes teachers to go abroad for participation in international and cross-strait symposia, and to teach or give lectures.
TKU provides a high-quality globalized learning environment. The school has established 13 separate degree programs that are taught entirely in either English or Spanish. There are more than 800 English-taught course offerings. The Lanyang Campus encompasses a thoroughly English-taught setting for learning and is unique throughout Taiwan in this regard. In 2018 TKU's foreign student population reached 2,054, ranging from as many as 75 countries. Our university is indeed rich in language and cultural resources.
In 1993, TKU was the first university in Taiwan to launch a Junior Abroad program. To date the number of students going abroad to study during their junior year has already exceeded 7,677; in the current academic year (2018) 648 students are studying at 111 universities in 19 countries. These students will study a full year overseas. Beyond this, great efforts have been made to broaden the diversity of the students' global mobile learning experience: for example, off-site study, overseas training, international volunteer service, and international internships. Every year, the number of our students participating in overseas study exceeds 1,300 individuals.
In 2014, we participated in the Assessment Project for Internationalization held by the ROC Ministry of Education, and were recognized as one of the top two performing universities. TKU wholeheartedly continues its efforts to fashion its campuses collectively into an even more productive global village.
Its vision is to create the most attractive information-oriented campus available. To do so, it has adopted the following information-based goals: (1) to maintain a secure, reliable, and fast information environment; (2) to integrate information power and its applications on campus; (3) to continuously innovate and apply such innovations to campus operation; (4) to have applications available campus wide; (5) and to serve the university indefinitely.
TKU is the first academic institution in the world to receive the ISO 20000 certificate, the international standard for an IT Service Management System. It is also the first academic institution in Taiwan to receive the ISO 27001 certificate, the international standard for an Information Security Management System (ISMS).
In recent years, TKU has set up an economical off-campus dorm network, a fast and convenient campus network, a multi-layer security network, and an innovative Digitalized Campus Teaching Support Platform, as well as actively developing easy and convenient mobile services. Together, these features make TKU's campuses the most attractive e-Campuses available.
TKU is currently working in collaboration with mobile telecommunication businesses to set up an all-new borderless and wireless university. According to the January of 2019 Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, TKU is ranked 700th among 27,000 universities and research institutes worldwide, 139th in Asia, 10th in Taiwan and 1st among the private Taiwanese universities.
By offering undergraduate and postgraduate Futures Studies courses, TKU teaches its students about how to navigate an unpredictable future society and how to develop foresight regarding the latest trends, so as to create a new generation of versatile, cross-discipline professionals who are insightful and capable of influencing the future. Given its outstanding achievements in the instruction of futures studies, TKU received an award for the "Best Futures Studies Research Institution" from the World Futures Studies Federation in 1999. In 2016, Hawaii Research Center for Futures Studies (HRCFS), the most historical and traditional future study institute, granted Outstanding Achievement Award for Promoting Future Studies to Dr. Flora Chia-I Chang, who was the president of TKU at the time.
TKU's future-oriented focus is not only seen in its style of instruction, but also in its various stages of organizational change, which include: (1) its transition from the third to the fourth wave of education; (2) its employment of the model of Total Quality Management, adopted by the business sector, to strengthen its competitiveness in the future higher education market; (3) its emphasis on the Three Circles and Five Disciplines of Education to create "excellence with a soul"; (4) its establishment of an English-style holistic education system at the Lanyang Campus; and (5) its application of the latest technology to create a vast virtual domain: the Cyber Campus. These strategies demonstrate TKU's ability to navigate through the potential educational and social challenges of the future, and to change its organizational structure to adapt to contemporary trends. In the coming years, this future-oriented focus will serve as the impetus for continued innovation. Apart from actively integrating research institutes that will have a significant impact in the areas of innovative technology, economic reform, and climate change, TKU will also provide an ongoing dialogue between science, technology, and society (STS), as well as innovative research results to provide strategies and alternatives to solve emerging global problems.
Moreover, it has established committees to address the various issues covered in the indicators, while at the same time working with local government and community organizations to obtain an unbiased assessment of its overall safety standards.
The recommendations offered by the assessment committee were both feasible and practical. For example, the committee recommended that TKU set up an online system to record in detail all campus-based accidents, as well as the cause of such accidents, their locations and frequency of occurrence. It also recommended that TKU establish its own evaluation mechanism to assess the results of any implemented changes.
In 2008, TKU was named by the WHO as an International Safe School. Subsequently, in 2012, it passed the WHO Safe School Re-evaluation. It is the first university in the world to be recognized as a safe school. In the future, TKU will continue to ensure that its campuses are work-safe and student-friendly environments.